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Introducerea argumentelor si sortarea lexicografica

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Introducerea argumentelor si sortarea lexicografica

Mesaj Scris de BABILONIA la data de Joi Aug 30, 2012 1:20 am

1.Introducerea argumentelor pe linia de comanda
a) Afisarea argumentelor introduse pe linia de comanda
Cod:
#include <stdio.h>
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
int i;
for(i=0;i<argc;i++)
printf("%s\n",argv[i]);
return 0;
}


b)Afisarea liniilor (introduse de la tastatura) care contin un sir de caractere introdus pe linia de comanda
Cod:
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#define MAXLINE 1000
/* find: print lines that match pattern from 1st arg */
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
char line[MAXLINE];
int found = 0;
if (argc != 2)
printf("Usage: find pattern\n");
else
while (gets(line) != NULL)
if (strstr(line, argv[1]) != NULL) {
printf("%s", line);
found++;
}
return found;
}


2. Sortarea lexicografica a liniilor (siruri de caractere) introduse de la tastatura
a) continutul fisierului alloc.c
Cod:
#define ALLOCSIZE 10000 /* size of available space */
static char allocbuf[ALLOCSIZE]; /* storage for alloc */
static char *allocp = allocbuf; /* next free position */
char *alloc(int n) /* return pointer to n characters */
{
if (allocbuf + ALLOCSIZE - allocp >= n) { /* it fits */
allocp += n;
return allocp - n; /* old p */
} else /* not enough room */
return 0;
}
void afree(char *p) /* free storage pointed to by p */
{
if (p >= allocbuf && p < allocbuf + ALLOCSIZE)
allocp = p;
}

b) continutul fisierului getline.c

Cod:
#include<stdio.h>
/* getline: read a line into s, return length */
int getline(char s[],int lim)
{
int c, i;
for (i=0; i < lim-1 && (c=getchar())!=EOF && c!='\n'; ++i)
s[i] = c;
if (c == '\n') {
s[i] = c;
++i;
}
s[i] = '\0';
return i;
}

c) continutul fisierului sort_str.c
Cod:
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#define MAXLINES 5000 /* max #lines to be sorted */
char *lineptr[MAXLINES]; /* pointers to text lines */
int readlines(char *lineptr[], int nlines);
void writelines(char *lineptr[], int nlines);
void qsort(char *lineptr[], int left, int right);
/* sort input lines */
int main()
{
int nlines; /* number of input lines read */
if ((nlines = readlines(lineptr, MAXLINES)) >= 0) {
qsort(lineptr, 0, nlines-1);
writelines(lineptr, nlines);
return 0;
} else {
printf("error: input too big to sort\n");
return 1;
}
}
#define MAXLEN 1000 /* max length of any input line */
int getline(char *, int);
char *alloc(int);
/* readlines: read input lines */
int readlines(char *lineptr[], int maxlines)
{
int len, nlines;
char *p, line[MAXLEN];
nlines = 0;
while ((len = getline(line, MAXLEN)) > 0)
if (nlines >= maxlines || (p = alloc(len)) == NULL)
return -1;
else {
line[len-1] = '\0'; /* delete newline */
strcpy(p, line);
lineptr[nlines++] = p;
}
return nlines;
}
/* writelines: write output lines */
void writelines(char *lineptr[], int nlines)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < nlines; i++)
printf("%s\n", lineptr[i]);
}
/* qsort: sort v[left]...v[right] into increasing order */
void qsort(char *v[], int left, int right)
{
int i, last;
void swap(char *v[], int i, int j);
if (left >= right) /* do nothing if array contains */
return; /* fewer than two elements */
swap(v, left, (left + right)/2);
last = left;
for (i = left+1; i <= right; i++)
if (strcmp(v[i], v[left]) < 0)
swap(v, ++last, i);
swap(v, left, last);
qsort(v, left, last-1);
qsort(v, last+1, right);
}
void swap(char *v[], int i, int j){
char *temp;
temp=v[i];
v[i]=v[j];
v[j]=temp;
}
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